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    THIS DAY IN HISTORY

    DECEMBER 10
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    FEATURED EVENT

    Featured Biography

    American poet
    born
    December 10, 1830
    Amherst, Massachusetts
    (Birthday tomorrow)
    died
    May 15, 1886 (aged 55)
    Amherst, Massachusetts

    Born on This Day

    1964
    Bobby Flay
    American chef and restaurateur
    1960
    Kenneth Branagh
    British actor, director, and writer
    1908
    Olivier Messiaen
    French composer
    1815
    Ada Lovelace
    British mathematician
    1805
    William Lloyd Garrison
    American editor, writer, and abolitionist

    MORE EVENTS

    Fernández de Kirchner, Cristina
    Argentine politician Cristina Fernández de Kirchner was sworn into office as Argentina's first female elected president; she succeeded her husband, Néstor Kirchner.
    2007
    Pinochet, Augusto
    Chilean General Augusto Pinochet, whose dictatorial reign (1974–90) in Chile was marked by the murder and torture of political opponents, died while facing charges of human rights abuses.
    2006
    Richard Pryor.
    American comedian and actor Richard Pryor, who revolutionized comedy with his frank and controversial style, died in Los Angeles.
    2005
    Mandela, Nelson
    South African President Nelson Mandela signed a new constitution that completed a transition from a long period of white minority rule (apartheid) to full-fledged democracy.
    1996
    A treaty codifying the Law of the Sea was signed by 117 countries.
    1982
    Otis Redding.
    American singer-songwriter Otis Redding, who was one of the great soul stylists of the 1960s, died in an airplane crash. [ Test your knowledge of musicians .]
    1967
    Eleanor Roosevelt holding a poster of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
    The General Assembly of the United Nations adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
    1948
    Selma Lagerl?f, 1909.
    Swedish author Selma Lagerl?f became the first woman to receive the Nobel Prize for Literature, cited for “the lofty idealism, vivid imagination and spiritual perception that characterize her writings.” [ Discover how someone wins a Nobel Prize .]
    1909
    Alfred Bernhard Nobel, portrait by Emil ?sterman, 1915; in the Nobel Foundation, Stockholm.
    The first Nobel Prizes were distributed, marking the fifth anniversary of the death of Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel, the inventor of dynamite, who founded and endowed the awards through his will. [Read our list of 7 Nobel Prize Scandals .]
    1901
    Treaty of Paris
    Representatives of Spain and the United States signed the Treaty of Paris, concluding the Spanish-American War.
    1898
    Front cover of an 1885 edition of Mark Twain's Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.
    American author Mark Twain's classic novel Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was first published, appearing in the United Kingdom and Canada; it was released in the United States the following year. [ Test your knowledge of literary characters .]
    1884
    Dewey, Melvil
    American librarian Melvil Dewey, who devised the Dewey Decimal Classification for library cataloging and was largely responsible for the development of library science in the United States, was born.
    1851
    Lovelace, Ada
    English mathematician Ada Lovelace, who was called the first computer programmer, was born.
    1815
    Detail from a painting, artist and date unknown, of Louis XII riding out with his army in 1507 to chastise the city of Genoa as a prelude to the formation of the League of Cambrai.
    Pope Julius II, the Holy Roman emperor Maximilian I, Louis XII of France, and Ferdinand II of Aragon formed the League of Cambrai.
    1508
    Michael V Calaphates
    Michael V Calaphates ascended the throne of the Byzantine Empire following the death of Michael IV.
    1041

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